With board-certified, orthopedic surgeons on staff, CMH makes elective orthopedic surgery for patients of all ages convenient. Dr. Joseph Lemker and Dr. Kyle Menzel provide total joint replacement surgery; shoulder, arm, hand, hip, knee, ankle, and foot surgery; arthroscopic knee surgery; and sports medicine. They also provide conservative treatment for arthritis.
The knees are a crucial joint in the human body. They support our body weight and allow the lower legs move in relation to the thigh. Movement at the knee helps us perform a number of activities, from walking and running to sitting and standing.
The knees can become injured or damaged over time. This may cause pain or mobility issues.
People suffering from knee pain may experience the following symptoms:
Common sources of knee pain include:
Knee replacement surgery is designed to treat pain and disability in the knee so patients can live healthy, active lives. When you visit with an orthopedic surgeon at CMH, we will review your medical history and examine your knee pain. Depending on your diagnosis, we may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications, pain relievers, exercises to strengthen joint mobility, or physical therapy to promote knee pain relief.
If we have tried all nonsurgical options to treat your knee pain, and they have been unsuccessful, we may suggest knee replacement surgery as another treatment option.
The hip, the body’s largest ball-and-socket joint, allows us to perform all kinds of activities, including running, walking and climbing stairs. It is built to withstand repetitive motions, but can become damaged and worn out over time due to genetics or other factors. People suffering from a damaged hip joint may experience pain differently, whether it is severe or dull and constant.
Individuals suffering from hip pain usually experience the following symptoms:
Common causes of hip pain include:
You deserve to live an active life, free of hip pain. When you visit with an orthopedic surgeon at CMH, we will review your medical history and examine your hip pain. Depending on your diagnosis, we may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications, pain relievers, exercises to improve joint mobility or physical therapy to help you find hip pain relief.
If we have tried all nonsurgical options to treat your hip pain, and they have been unsuccessful, we may suggest surgery as another treatment option.
Shoulder replacement surgery essentially replaces the ends of each bone of the joint creating a new stable surface for the joint to function smoothly across. The extent of the surgery and materials used vary from patient to patient, but generally involve resurfacing of the humerus or scapula using plastic or metal. Cement or a material that may allow the bone to grow attached to the new joint components is used to hold the new joint surfaces in place.
Resurfacing the humerus is often done by replacing the upper portion of the arm with a metal piece with a round humeral head-like surface. The cup-shaped area enclosing the humeral head may also be smoothed out or reshaped using plastic or another material.
After surgery, a patient can expect to remain on an IV for at least a day as doctors monitor general health, drain fluid from the joint, deliver pain suppressants, antibiotics and sometimes even anticoagulants. The shoulder will be wrapped and we may use a compression sleeve to allow better blood circulation. A catheter may also be used in some cases. Light forms of physical therapy will begin within a few days after surgery in order to maintain range of motion. Slowly less and less pain medication will be necessary and a full regimen of physical therapy may begin. Once recovery is completed, it is imperative for the patient to maintain activity in order to maintain flexibility, range of motion, and strength.
Conservative management of osteoarthritis includes non-surgical treatments that provide symptomatic relief, modification of the course of the disease and an approach that allows patients to adjust to the realities and take more control of their condition.
Arthritis is an umbrella term for a number of disease processes in which the joint surface is injured (either acutely or through gradual wear and tear), the surrounding tissues become inflamed and the cushion of cartilage that lines the ends of the bones (known as articular cartilage) deteriorates. As the cartilage surface wears and thins, a progression of symptoms develops. Eventually, at the end stage of arthritis, the articular cartilage wears away completely and bone on bone contact occurs. The vast majority of people diagnosed have osteoarthritis and in most cases the cause of their condition cannot be identified. One or more joints may be affected.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic immune disorder that affects multiple joints. In such cases, the body perceives the joint lining (synovium) and cartilage to be foreign substance and attacks it. Far fewer Americans are diagnosed with inflammatory arthritis.
Regardless of which joint is affected, osteoarthritis takes a common course. The pain and stiffness that develop results from the loss of smooth, gliding cartilage on the joint surfaces. As the cartilage thins and becomes uneven, stiffness and catching occur. Motion is diminished and the surrounding joint lining, ligaments and tendons contract and tighten. The joint becomes painful to move, and there is often a progressive weakening of the muscles that control it. The practical implications of these limitations are disruption in work and recreation.
It is important to understand that two joints that show the same cartilage loss on x-ray may behave very differently in terms of discomfort and limited function. The weak, stiff joint will be more painful and disabling than a joint with preserved strength and motion. And of course, additional factors such as body weight, other joint involvement and general health are also very important in determining the level of disability and quality of life. Patients who embark on a conservative course of treatment for arthritis are taking control of their condition and seeking the best possible outcome.
Stretching and strengthening exercises, under the guidance of an orthopedic surgeon or physical therapist, help maintain range of motion and alleviate stiffness. Exercise should be considered with three specific goals: strengthening the muscles that control the arthritic joint, exercises that fortify adjacent joints (such as the low back) and exercise that improves overall fitness. Patients who have been athletic all their lives and enjoy recreational sports may find that a diagnosis of osteoarthritis requires them to alter their exercise and sports routine in order to protect their joints.
Other conservative arthritis treatments include:
Whether you’re a “weekend warrior” or a member of a sports team, the CMH Orthopedics team can help if you get sidelined due to an injury. We’re experts at the diagnosis, treatment and management of a wide range of sports injuries, and we’ll help you return to your activities as soon as possible.
We’ve created Boot Camp videos for hip and knee arthroplasty procedures to help you prepare for your hospital stay, surgery, and recovery from total joint replacement. If you have any questions after viewing, please ask your doctor or nurse. Click on the links below to watch the videos.
Total Hip Arthroplasty Procedure Boot Camp (32 minutes)
Total Knee Arthroplasty Procedure Boot Camp (41 minutes)